BADGER FAMILY CHRONICLES

© Christopher Earls Brennen

CHAPTER 3

THE CHILDREN OF JAMES BADGER


The children of James Badger (born 1822) and his first wife, Mary (Clark):

  1. Maggie (Badger) Carnaghan in 1907.
    (courtesy of Jennifer Corbett)
    Margaret Badger, known as Maggie, was born on Sep.25, 1852, in Camlin, Boyle, Co.Roscommon, and came north with her parents at the age of about 10. On Feb.22, 1872, she married to James Carnaghan in Castledawson Presbyterian Church. James was a farmer in Cookstown at the time of his marriage and Margaret Badger was living at Druminard. James Carnaghan was probably a member of the Carnaghan family of Druminard described in Chapter 4 and therefore related to Margaret's father's second wife, Maria Carnaghan. James and Margaret Carnaghan set up a pawnbroking and clothing store in Cookstown. James Carnaghan died in Cookstown on Jul.21, 1900, and left his pawnbrokers shop to his wife Margaret. In the 1901 Census, the 48-year-old widowed Margaret Carnaghan (born in County Roscommon, Presbyterian) is listed as a pawnbroker and clothier occupying house #44 in William Street, Cookstown, County Tyrone (William Street is part of the long main street in Cookstown). Living with her are the four children listed below, her sister-in-law Elizabeth Stewart (see Chapter 4) and a boarder, May G. Marshall, an 18-year-old unmarried draper's apprentice. The 1910 Belfast and Ulster Towns Directory lists Carnaghan, M., as a clothes dealer and pawnbroker on William street, Cookstown In the 1911 Census, Margaret Carnaghan is listed as the 58-year-old widowed pawnbroker and clothier (Presbyterian, born in County Roscommon) heading a household in William Street, Cookstown. Living with her are five of her children and a grandson listed below. Margaret Carnaghan of Drumard, Cookstown, died on Jul.19, 1937, and left her estate to James Carnaghan, shop manager, (her son?). We note that Margaret died just about a week after her daughter, Mary Agnes. The children of James and Margaret Carnaghan:
    1. James Carnaghan is mentioned as the son of James and Margaret (nee Badger) Carnaghan in the Frances Carnaghan genealogy.
    2. Thomas Walker Carnaghan was born in Cookstown, County Tyrone, on Aug.29, 1872, and is mentioned as the son of James and Margaret (nee Badger) Carnaghan in the Frances Carnaghan genealogy. He is absent from home for the 1901 Census but, in the 1911 Census, he is listed as an unmarried 38-year-old teacher (classical) living with his mother in William Street, Cookstown.
    3. Mary Agnes Carnaghan was born about 1873 in County Tyrone and is listed as a sister in the Frances Carnaghan genealogy. In the 1901 Census she is listed as an unmarried 27-year-old Presbyterian living with her mother in William Street, Cookstown. She is listed in the 1911 Census as an unmarried 37-year-old living with her mother in William Street, Cookstown. Mary Agnes Carnaghan of Drumard, Cookstown, spinster, died on Jul.2, 1937, and left her estate to James Carnaghan, shop manager.
    4. Elizabeth Carnaghan was born about 1874 in County Tyrone and is listed as a sister in the Frances Carnaghan genealogy. In the 1901 Census she is listed as an unmarried 26-year-old draper's assistant living with her mother in William Street, Cookstown. Elizabeth Kernaghan was married to William Magee Minnis in Claggan Presbyterian Church, parish of Lissan on Jun.3, 1903. In the 1911 Census she is listed as Eliza Mennis, a married 36-year-old living with her mother in William Street, Cookstown. The children of William and Eliza Mennis:
      1. James Alexander Mennis was born in Transvaal, South Africa, about 1905. In the 1911 Census he is listed as a 6-year-old living with his mother in William Street, Cookstown.
    5. Maria Jane Carnaghan was born in Co.Tyrone on May 18, 1879. Maria Jane Carnaghan died in Cookstown in 1893 at the age of 13.
    6. Anne Carnaghan was born in Co. Tyrone on Dec.26, 1877. Annie Carnaghan died in Magherafelt in 1884 at the age of 6.
    7. Isabella Walker Carnaghan was born in Cookstown on Aug.18, 1880, and is mentioned as the daughter of James and Margaret (nee Badger) Carnaghan in the Frances Carnaghan genealogy.
    8. Margaret Carnaghan was born about 1881 in County Tyrone and is mentioned as the daughter of James and Margaret (nee Badger) Carnaghan in the Frances Carnaghan genealogy. In the 1911 Census she is listed as an unmarried 29-year-old Post Office Clerk living with her mother in William Street, Cookstown.
    9. Frances Carnaghan was born in Cookstown in 1883 and is mentioned as the daughter of James and Margaret (nee Badger) Carnaghan in her daughter's genealogy. In the 1901 Census she is listed as an unmarried 17-year-old schoolgirl living with her mother in William Street, Cookstown. Frances left Cookstown for South Africa in 1906, married and had a family.
    10. Robert Storey Carnaghan was born about 1884 in County Tyrone. In the 1901 Census he is listed as an unmarried 16-year-old schoolboy living with his mother in William Street, Cookstown. In the 1911 Census he is listed as an unmarried 26-year-old pawnbroker's assistant living with his mother in William Street, Cookstown.
    11. Samuel Clark Carnaghan was born on Aug.24, 1887, in Cookstown the son of James Carnaghan, clothier, and his wife Margaret Badger. Carnaghan.

  2. Robert Badger was born on Sep.30, 1854, in Camlin, Boyle, Co.Roscommon, one of twin boys, whose brother died as an infant. [Anne Hobbs writes: "The New Zealand electoral rolls show that Robert was living in Newton, Auckland, in 1880-81 and working as a grocer. In 1890 he was still single and living in Eden, Auckland. By 1896 he was married to Anna (Hanson?) and working as a storekeeper in Tauranga, Bay of Plenty. Robert and Anna had at least five children (see below). They lived in Tauranga where Robert continued to work as a storekeeper. The electoral roll of 1911 lists Robert, Anna and four of their children; Robert is also listed in the 1919 electoral roll as living in Tauranga with Anna and their two unmarried daughters and working as a storekeeper. On the 1928 electoral roll an Anna Badger, widow, was living in Eden, Auckland. It is possible that Robert's widow travelled to England in 1924 on the White Star Line vessel "Ionic". An Anna Badger arrived in Southampton from New Zealand; she was aged 62 and so was born about 1862. Therefore Robert probably died some time between 1919 and 1924]. The children of Robert and Anna Badger:
    1. John Hanson Eric Badger appears in the New Zealand Army Rolls for the 1914-18 war and gives his next-of-kin as his father R. Badger in Tauranga. He survived the war and is listed in electoral rolls in Auckland in 1928, 1935 and 1938. By 1938 he had married Sylvia Tui Irene.
    2. Robert James Hanson Badger appears on the Tauranga supplementary electoral roll in 1919 working as an orchardist.
    3. Holly Helen Hanson Badger was born about 1886 in New Zealand and is included in the Barnaby Family tree on the ancestry website. However, there are no details about her parents, siblings or children so this is clearly a side branch. She married Conrad John Kirk of Tauranga on Dec.30, 1919, so she and her sister Irene had a double wedding. The electoral rolls show that Holly Helen Hanson and Conrad Kirk were still living in Auckland in 1954, by which time Conrad had retired from his work as an engineer. In 1926 Holly took a trip to the USA via Sydney and Vancouver on the "Niagara" paid for by her mother. Her next-of-kin is listed as her husband Mr C. Kirk in New Zealand and her nationality is Irish. Holly died on Jul.5, 1956.
    4. Emily Irene Hanson Badger was born on Jan.14, 1894, in Tauranga and married George Whitaker King on Dec.30, 1919, in Tauranga so she and her sister Holly had a double wedding. On the ancestry website Irene is included in the Hyde-Gregery-King-Ireson family tree as Irene Emily Hanson Badger, but as a side branch without any details except for one living son of George and Irene. Irene died on Aug.12, 1926, in Patea, New Zealand.
    5. Hilda Mary Badger travelled to Canada in 1914 via Sydney to Vancouver on the "Niagara". Her border crossing from Canada to the USA gives her next-of-kin as her father Robert Badger in Tauranga and her nationality as Irish. In 1916 she married Henry Richmond Climie. In that year she appears in two electoral rolls. She is listed in Topcroft, Tauranga, Bay of Plenty, which is where she was living before she married. She is also listed with her husband, Henry Richmond Climie, in Hawke's Bay. The Hastie-Rhodes-Compain Family tree on the ancestry website includes Hilda Mary Badger and Henry Richmond Climie as a side branch.
    6. Myrtle Julia Badger

  3. Superintendant William J. Badger.
    (courtesy of Anne Hobbs)
    William John Badger was born on Jan.6, 1856, in Camlin, Boyle, Co.Roscommon. [Anne Hobbs writes: "As a young man William was sent by his father to live in America because of the poverty in Ireland at that time. However, he subsequently returned to Ireland before moving to England with Jane Wood. Jane was the daughter of Alexander Wood, a farmer, and had been born in County Derry in 1857. The Wood family lived in Moneymore. William joined the Derbyshire police force as a constable in 1880 and he and Jane lived at 35 Full Street, Derby, near to the police station. Their first child, Mary, was born there in May 1880. The following month William and Jane stayed in London where they married at St Pancras Church on Jun.5, 1880. In the 1881 Census of England William J. Badger, a 24-year old police constable born in Co.Roscommon, and his 23-year-old wife Jane (born in Co.Derry) are living in the Main Street Cottage, West Hallam, Derbyshire, with their 11-month-old daughter, Mary. Over the years William’s job with the Derbyshire police force took the family to various Derbyshire villages. They lived in West Hallam, Horsley where Edith was born in 1881, Horsley Woodhouse where William was born in 1883, Morley where George was born in 1885, Emma in 1886, Mabel in 1888 and Agnes in 1890, Shardlow where Charles was born in 1892 and Edward in 1893, Church Broughton, Duffield, Ashbourne, Matlock, Alfreton and Woodville. In total William spent eleven years in the Ilkeston Division where his first station was West Hallam. He then went to Shardlow in the Derby Division. In 1894 he was promoted to the rank of sergeant and moved to Church Broughton in the Ashbourne Division. After six months he was transferred to the Belper Division where he spent five years in Duffield. At that time the Derbyshire County Police comprised a chief constable, a deputy chief constable, a chief clerk, eleven superintendents, sixteen inspectors, thirty two sergeants and three hundred and one constables. Subsequently he moved to Ashbourne on promotion to inspector. After two years he was promoted to the rank of superintendent and Matlock was his base for the next two years. He then moved to Alfreton, but after six months asked for a transfer because of Jane’s ill-health and the family moved to Woodville in the Repton and Gresley Division. In 1916 Woodville police station was staffed by Superintendent Badger, one sergeant and three constables. During his police career he took a leading part in many important cases. In his young days he was concerned principally with agriculture and the knowledge he gained then enabled him to deal with poachers in different parts of Derbyshire. In particular, when he was stationed at Ashbourne and Duffield he had many brushes with poachers. While at Ashbourne his cases included one of horse stealing and another against a gang of pick-pockets from Manchester who visited a farm sale. A farmer was robbed of £26. One was apprehended on the spot. William followed the rest of the gang and arrested two at Osmaston. After handing them over to his men, he followed two more to Sudbury and took them into custody, escorting them back to Ashbourne. Travel would presumably have depended upon horses. All were convicted and he was commended by the magistrates for the manner in which he had handled the case. While stationed at Duffield he was instrumental in bringing to justice a number of notorious gangs of poachers. He had his first experience of poachers in 1881, the year after he joined the force. He encountered a gang of five at Horsley Carr. They were Derby men and one of them assaulted William, who was then a young constable. However, he stuck pluckily to the man, who the next day was sentenced to six months’ hard labour. Following his retirement he was succeeded at Woodville by Superintendent W. Wood. He had completed forty one years of service in the Derbyshire police force with sixteen and a half years as superintendent of the Repton and Gresley Police Division. Jane Badger had died in April 1915 at Woodville police station. She was fifty eight and died of valvular disease of the heart, embolism and hemiplegia. William retired in 1921 and for a few years had a small farm in the district at Midway, where he drove around in a pony and trap. He was an enthusiastic member of the Swadlincote Hill Street Methodist Chapel, where he held the office of senior deacon. He later moved to a house in Castle Gresley near the station. He had numerous friends in the district and endeared himself to others by his unfailing geniality. He remarried in 1931 at the age of seventy five. He married Annie Laurie Spencer on 28 January at Ashbourne Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. Annie had been his housekeeper. She was a forty five year old spinster from Ashbourne, where her father had a confectioner’s shop. It was not unusual for elderly widowers to marry their housekeepers, but William’s second marriage caused a considerable rift in the family. Annie was known to the family as ‘Aunty Nan’ and viewed as rather eccentric. She ate dandelion leaves and drove William around in an Austin Seven. William died in his home, High Bank, 13 Burton Road, Castle Gresley, on his twelfth wedding anniversary in 1943. He was eighty seven. He died from myocardial degeneration, senile decay and bronchitis"]. The children of William John and Jane Badger:
    1. Mary Elizabeth Badger was born in Derby in 1880 and married John Wilson Jackson. They had three children:
      1. Phyllis Jackson died in 1967 at the age of 46 from a barbiturates overdose.
      2. Doris Jackson
      3. ?? Jackson
    2. Edith Badger was born in Horsley in 1881. Edith died in Belper in 1971 at the age of ninety.

      William James Florrie and Jean Hanson.
      Clark Badger. Kathleen Badger.
      (courtesy of Anne Hobbs)

    3. William Badger was born in Horsley Woodhouse in 1883. [Anne Hobbs writes: "William James Clark Badger, married Florrie Amelia Kettle at St. Barnabas Church, Derby, on Mar.26, 1910. At the time of the marriage William was living with his family in Woodville and employed as a clerk with the LMS Railway Co. He later became a railway signal and telegraph engineer. Florrie was the only daughter of George and Charlotte Kettle and had been born in Cobden Street, Derby, in 1885. She was the youngest in the family, having a brother and three half brothers. Her father George was a locomotive fitter with the LMS Railway Co. Florrie was a school teacher, having obtained BA and MA degrees in English at Nottingham University. Following the marriage William and Florrie initially lived at 70 Stanley Street, Derby. Within a few years they moved to Leicester where their daughters Kathleen and Sheila were born. William died suddenly and unexpectedly of a heart attack in January 1938 at the age of fifty four. Following his death the personal property in his office was returned to Florrie by the LMS Railway Co. This included various receipts for gifts and a bundle of letters from his mistress. From these Florrie discovered that for many years he had not been working long hours at the office or going on cruises alone. She became profoundly depressed. After a failed suicide attempt, when she was discovered by her daughter Kathleen with her head in the gas oven, she later succeeded using the same method. She probably died on Jul.11, 1938, and was found four days later. At the inquest held on Jul.18 the cause of death was given as suicide by coal gas poisoning whilst the balance of her mind was disturbed. She was fifty two"]. The children of William and Florrie Badger:
      1. Kathleen Badger was born in Leicester.
      2. Sheila Badger was born in Leicester.
    4. George Badger was born in Morley in 1885. [Anne Hobbs writes: "He died in 1905 at the age of nineteen years after being thrown from a horse. George was a clerk at the Midland Railway offices in Derby. At the inquest held at Woodville on Monday 27 March, two days after his death, William said that he saw him leave home on Saturday evening on horseback. He was not an experienced rider and the horse was a young one and rather fresh. At seven o’clock he saw his son in a cottage at Hartshorne, but he never regained consciousness and died about 9.30. From other witness statements it appears that the horse was frightened by a cyclist overtaking him and ringing his bell on the way down the hill at Hartshorne village. The horse bolted and George was thrown onto the pavement. The horse was stopped. George was unconscious and bleeding from one ear. He was attended by Dr Joyce who said in his opinion the cause of death was fracture of the skull. Dr Joyce was related to William Joyce, Lord Haw Haw. The jury returned a verdict of accidental death and offered their sympathy to Superintendent Badger. The funeral service was conducted by William’s cousin Donald, who was a clergyman in Nottingham].
    5. Emma Badger was born in Morley in 1886 and became a schoolteacher. [Anne Hobbs writes: "She married Thomas Hanson also a schoolteacher who died just a few months after his daughter was born. Emma died in London in 1988 at the age of one hundred and two years. Emma had outlived her eight siblings]. The child of Emma and Thomas Hanson:
      1. Emmeline Jean Hanson, known as Jean, was born in Nov.1919 at Newhall, Derbyshire, and educated at Burton-on-Trent. [Anne Hobbs writes: "She obtained a first class honours degree and Ph.D. in zoology from Bedford College. She was co-author with H.E. Huxley of one of the original papers proposing the sliding filament hypothesis of muscle contraction which was published in Nature in 1954, alongside a paper by A.F. Huxley and R. Niedergerke, who had independently reached the same conclusion. In 1966 she became Professor of Biology at the University of London and in 1967 she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. She died suddenly of the Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome in August 1973 at the age of fifty three. Dorothy Hodgkin, (who discovered the molecular structure of insulin), gave the eulogy at her funeral].
    6. Mabel Badger was born in Morley in 1888 and married Thomas Bourne. Mabel died in Ashby-de-la-Zouche in 1981 at the age of ninety two. Thomas and Mabel Bourne had a daughter:
      1. Muriel Bourne
    7. Agnes Ethel Badger was born in Morley on May 21, 1890, and married Alexander Shenton on the Dec.16, 1920. The marriage certificate records Alexander Shenton's as 33 and Agnes Badger's age as 30 years. Alexander Shenton's father was Herbert Shenton. Alexander and Agnes Shenton had a daughter:
      1. Margaret Jane Shenton was born on Feb.22, 1923. She married Jack Albert English. She died on Oct.21, 1965. The children of Jack and Margaret English:
        1. William English
        2. Alec English
        3. Janet English
    8. Charles Badger was born in Shardlow in 1892. He became a bank manager in Birkenhead, England. He married a woman named Maude who died in a psychiatric institution at the age of 47 from exhaustion due to acute mania. Charles and Maude had a daughter:
      1. Joan Badger died of an aspirin overdose in 1977 at the age of 52.

      William Clark Badger, Agnes Back: William J. Badger & James Hill. Front: Lizzie
      Shenton & William John Badger. Hill, Matilda Hogg & Jemima Hill at Laurel Bank, 1934
      (courtesy of Jennifer Corbett)
      Lizzie (Badger) Hill & daughter Lizzie Hill & daughter Matilda
      Matilda Hogg. Hogg (back row, 3rd & 4th from left).
      (courtesy of Jennifer Corbett)

    9. Elizabeth Badger was born on Apr.9, 1857, in Camlin, Boyle, Co.Roscommon, and moved north to Druminard with her father and mother in the early 1860s. [Anne Hobbs writes: "When she was about 17 she went to visit her aunt, Grace Boal (nee Clark, Mary Clark's sister) at the Boal farm in the townland of Lisnabreeny, County Down, about 6 miles from Belfast. There at church she met John Hill, a farmer from Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, Co Down, who visited Druminard a short time later. Elizabeth and John Hill were married in Saltersland Presbyterian Church, Ardtrea, on Sep.13, 1876. William Finlay and her sister Mary Badger were the witnesses It was at this wedding that Elizabeth's younger sister Mary first met her husband-to-be William Finlay. After their marriage Elizabeth and John Hill lived at Gilnahirk and had 7 children of whom six survived]. In the 1901 Census, John and Elizabeth Hill amd their six children were living at #16 Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, County Down. Elizabeth Hill died on Apr.13, 1948. The children of John and Elizabeth Hill:
      1. Hugh John Hill was born about 1878 and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 23-year-old living with his parents in Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, County Down.
      2. Robert Hill was born about 1879 and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 22-year-old living with his parents in Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, County Down. Robert married Elizabeth Dougan at Granshaw Presbyterian Church, Castlereagh, on Sep.27, 1905. The witnesses were Hugh John Hill and Charlotte Dougan. In the 1911 Census Robert, Lizzie and their children, Elizabeth aged 3 and JohnAlex aged 1, were living in #23 Gilnahirk. Robert was a farm servant. Robert and Elizabeth had 5 children.
      3. James Hill was born about 1880 and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 21-year-old living with his parents in Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, County Down. James married Jemima McQuoid at Castlereagh Presbyterian Church on Feb.8, 1905. Jemima was from Braniel, Castlereagh. In 1911 James and Jemima were living at #7 Crossnacreevy, Moneyreagh, County Down with their first two children Sarah Elizabeth Hill aged 4 and Wilfred John Hill aged 2. James was a farmer and had a live-in farm servant. James and Jemima Hill had 4 children, one of whom was Violet Hill.
      4. Mary Hill was born about 1885 and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 16-year-old living with her parents in Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, County Down. Mary Hill married William Busby at Castlereagh Presbyterian Church on May 13, 1908. William was a farmer from Braniel. The witnesses were Matilda Hill and John Hogg who later married in 1916. In the 1911 Census Mary and William Busby were living at #20 Braniel with their first child James Busby aged one. There was a live-in farm servant. William and Mary Busby had 10 children.
      5. Matilda Hill was born on Jul.8, 1889, and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 11-year-old living with her parents in Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, County Down. Matilda married John Hogg on Apr.19, 1916, in Castlereagh Presbyterian Church. John was a sheet metal worker and Matilda was a book keeper when they married. The witnesses were Hugh Hogg and Jane Hill. John died in 1951 as a result of injuries received in an industrial accident; Matilda died in 1968. They had one child:
        1. John Hogg was born about 1918 and became the Assistant Town Clerk of Belfast. He married Rae McDowell on Aug.6, 1947, in Castlereagh Presbyterian Church. John received the OBE in 1980 for services to Local Government. He died in 1984 at the age of 66. He had two daughters, Jennifer Hogg born about 1948 who married Walter Corbett (they have a son Simon Corbett who is a cardiologist and has 2 sons) and Pauline Hogg who married Alan Martin (they have 4 children and 8 grandchildren).
      6. Elizabeth Hill was born about 1900 and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 1-year-old living with her parents in Gilnahirk, Castlereagh, County Down. Elizabeth married Bob Wilson and they emigrated to Toronto, Canada. They had no children.

    10. James Badger (born 1858), known as Jamy, was born on Sep.27, 1858, in Camlin, Boyle, Co.Roscommon. In the 1901 Census of Ireland he is listed as a 39-year-old unmarried farmer's son living in Druminard with his father as described above. By the time of the 1911 Census his father had died and he was initially listed as the head of household at the Druminard farm. In that 1911 Census he is listed as an unmarried 52-year-old Presbyterian farmer born in Co.Roscommon and living at Number 2, Druminard, Salterstown, County Derry. However, the form was later amended to have his younger brother, Thomas, listed as head of household. Also living in the house at the time of the 1911 Census are James's 76-year-old widowed aunt Anne Storey (born in County Derry) and his 67-year-old widowed aunt Elizabeth Stewart (born in County Tyrone). [Anne Hobbs writes: "It is possible that James (born 1858) was a bit “slow”. He was still living in the family home and yet his younger half-brother had registered their father's death and taken-on the farm. The family were reasonably well educated, but James could not even write his name. His aunt Elizabeth Stewart had witnessed his mark on the census form]. James's "signature" is included in the Ulster Covenant in 1912 in the Saltersland Presbyterian Church but the initials TB appearing by his name suggest that the signature was entered by his brother. James eventually became bedridden with arthritis and died at home in Feb., 1927.

      1901 Census return of James Badger and his family in Druminard, County Derry

      1911 Census return of James Badger and his family in Druminard, County Derry

      Family of William and Mary Finlay. Back row: Sarah, Mary and Lizzie Finlay. Seated: John Smith Finlay, William, Charles, Mary and William Finlay. Front: James Campbell Finlay.
      (courtesy of Eddie Lowe)

    11. Mary Badger was born on May 29, 1860, in Camlin, Boyle, Co.Roscommon. [Anne Hobbs writes: "Mary first met her husband-to-be, William Finlay, on Sep.13, 1876, on the occasion of the wedding of her sister Elizabeth Badger to John Hill in Saltersland Presbyterian Church, Ardtrea. On Dec.27, 1878, Mary was married to William Finlay in Saltersland Presbyterian Church, Ardtrea. The witnesses were William John Badger and Margaret Finlay, William's sister. William was born in 1847 and had grown up on the Finlay family farm of about forty acres in the townland of Clontonacally, County Down (about 5 miles from Belfast). Their daughter Elizabeth Finlay Brown describes some of the details of their marriage and life in her memoirs which are attached as Appendix 2B. At the time of the 1901 Census, William and Mary were living and farming at Knockbracken, Breda, Co. Down. William had converted to the Plymouth Brethern in his twenties and Mary converted after marrying him. This greatly upset her father James who was an Elder at Saltersland Prebyterian Church. The whole family sailed from Belfast on Easter Monday, April 1904, bound for Canada. They sailed from Liverpool to Saint John, New Brunswick, on the Canadian Pacific Line boat Blake Manitoba. The decision to emigrate was financial. When Mary married she refused to live with so many Finlay in-laws at the family farm in Knockbracken, which William should have inherited as the eldest son, and so William's father bought him a 32 acre farm nearby. An agreement was made that on his father's death William would fully own the farm, but would pay his sisters Lizzie, Sarah and Margaret, who still lived on the family farm, £100 each. In the event, a younger brother who still lived there inherited the family farm and his sisters demanded their money immediately. William had to borrow the money from two neighbouring farmers. In the end, he sold his farm to pay his debts and the decision was made to emigrate to Canada. They initially settled west of Disdsbury, Alberta. Their first home in Canada was a thatched roof dwelling. The house was burned to the ground and they lost everything including their worldly goods not yet unpacked and all William's cash, which was in a coat pocket. Kindly neighbours gave them great help to start life again. By 1911 the family were living in Calgary. William and his sons William, John, James and Charles were farmers. Sarah, Jane, Maggie and Annie were all living at home. They gave their religion as Baptist on the 1911 Canadian census. Lizzie was not present on census night. She would have been 26 and may well have been married by then. Her son William Finlay Brown was born in 1912. William's wife Mary was also absent and she had probably died. By 1916 the household in Calgary comprised of John, James, Jennie (Jane) and Annie. John was a farmer and James was a farmer employee. Their father William had probably died between 1911 and 1916. Sarah, William, Charles and Maggie had presumably left home by then]. Mary died on Oct.13, 1907, according to the gravestone and is buried in Westcott, Alberta(?). William Finlay died in 1914. William and Mary Finlay had many children:
      1. Mary Finlay was born in March 1881. Mary died of tuberculosis in Nov., 1902. She was interred in the ancient, walled cemetery call Lower Breda near Belfast (within the grounds of the estate owned by Sir Thomas Bateson).
      2. Sarah Finlay was born on Christmas Day and married a man named Vogue.
      3. Elizabeth Finlay was born on Dec.31, 1902, and married a man named Brown. Her memoirs are attached as Appendix 3A.
      4. William Finlay was born in 1889. [Anne Hobbs writes: "He married Florence Amelia Adam who had been born in Michigan in January 1894. She was the daughter of William, a farmer, and Bessie Adam. Her parents were Mennonites. Florence?s family had emigrated to Didsbury, Alberta, in 1900. In 1916 William Finlay was the caretaker at Beulah House, 103 St, Edmonton, which was a Beulah Mission center. The head of the center was Florence's sister Mabel Adam. Florence Adam was also living in Edmonton in 1916. She was a nurse living at the hospital at 111th Avenue and she was a Mennonite. William and Florence subsequently married and they left Canada in November 1918 to become Mennonite missionaries in Nigeria. William, Florence and their daughter Ruth returned to Canada via Liverpool in February 1922. The reason for the journey was “Furlough from Nigeria”. Thereafter both daughters remained in Canada. Florence travelled back to Nigeria alone, arriving at Liverpool in transit on Aug.8, 1923. Both daughters remained in the care of her mother in Canada. William died of malaria in October 1924 and his grave is believed to be in Jebba, Nigeria. Florence returned to Didsbury, Alberta, Canada, in November 1924. In 1929 she returned to the mission field in Nigeria, again leaving her daughters to be raised by her mother in Didsbury. She made regular visits back to Canada until the onset of WW2. Post-war her trips between Nigeria and Canada via England continued until at least 1958. Florence died in April 1971 in Calgary]. William and Florence had a son and two daughters:
        1. William Finlay died in Jebba, Nigeria, when only six days old.
        2. Ruth Marion Finlay was born in April 1921 in Nigeria. [Anne Hobbs writes: "With her parents she returned to Canada via Liverpool in February 1922. The reason for the journey was “Furlough from Nigeria”. Ruth married Raymond Young and had three sons and a daughter. Ruth died in Calgary in 2007].
        3. Bessie Wilda Finlay was born on Jul.3, 1923, in Edmonton, Canada, and became a nurse. [Anne Hobbs writes: "She married Auburn Witt. In 1948 they were living in Seattle and returned to Canda to visit their aunt Mary Finlay in Edmonton. Bessie and Auburn were missionaries in Nigeria for ten years between 1955 and 1965. Both their children, Colleen and Cameron, were born in Nigeria. Bessie lives in Kitchener, Ontario, and is now a widow].
      5. John Smith Finlay married Mary White and in 1948 they were living in Edmonton.
      6. male Finlay who died as an infant.
      7. James Campbell Finlay [Anne Hobbs writes: "was subnormal and had nervous problems most of his adult life. He was cared for by his sister Sarah.
      8. Charles Spurgeon Finlay was called-up by the Canadian army in April 1918. He was opposed to the war and he was therefore a reluctant soldier who refused to sign the recruitment form. He was discharged on conviction by court martial in November 1918. He subsequently suffered a nervous breakdown. In 1920 he travelled from Didsbury to Cincinnati, Ohio. He was then a student aged 25. He became a teacher].
      9. Jane Badger Finlay married a man named Hughes. Her daughter is Phyllis Brisker.
      10. Margaret Finlay married a man named Falk.
      11. Annie Finlay married a man named Earl Agnew. Her daughter is Eloise Wigglesworth.

    12. Jane Badger, known as Jennie, was born on Jun.10, 1863, in Druminard and was baptized in Saltersland Presbyterian Church on Sep.13, 1863. She married Hutchison Reid, born in Ireland about 1861, and they emigrated to Philadelphia, USA. In the 1900 USA Census 38-year-old Hutchison Reid, his 36-year-old Jennie Reid, and their 3-year-old son Theodore Reid are listed as living at ED 828 Philadelphia city Ward 32, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Hutchison and Jennie Reid had one child:
      1. Theodore Reid was born in Pennsylvania on Jul.18, 1897. He is listed in the 1900 US Census as a 3-year-old living with his parents at ED 828 Philadelphia city Ward 32, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. He died in 1975 in Montgomery, Pennsylvania, at the age of 78.

The children of James Badger (born 1822) and his second wife, Maria:

  1. Annie Badger was born in Coagh on Aug.21, 1870, and was christened in Saltersland Presbyterian Church on Jan.15, 1871. She became a hospital nurse. At the time of the 1901 Census she was visiting in the household of Thomas Duncan, a dealer in glass, in Dublin. It is possible that she was in Dublin to visit her brother Samuel Story Badger who was living in Dublin at that time. At the age of 33, Annie married William James Stewart, a solicitor in Ballymena, in Saltersland Presbyterian Church, Ardtrea, on Sep.16, 1903. Annie is described as a full age, spinster, hospital nurse of Druminard, the daughter of James Badger, farmer, and William as a full aged, bachelor, solicitor of Ballymena whose father is Robert Stewart of Dromennat?. In the 1911 census William and Annie Stewart were living at #23 Brocklamount, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. William was aged 37 and a solicitor, born in Co. Derry. The family had a live-in general domestic servant. Annie died in 1967 and is buried at St. Luke's Church, Tamlaght, Co.Tyrone. William and Annie Stewart had four children:
    1. William Norman Stewart was born about 1905 and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 6-year-old living with his parents at #23 Brocklamount, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. William married a woman named Isobel.
    2. James Harold Stewart was born about 1906 and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 5-year-old living with his parents at #23 Brocklamount, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. Harold married a woman named Katie.
    3. Helen Mary Stewart was born about 1909 and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 2-year-old living with her parents at #23 Brocklamount, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. Helen married the Rev. Walter Nelson.
    4. Charles Stewart married a woman named Ann and had three children, Paddy, Nicholas and Alison.

  2. Isabella Walker Badger, known as Bella, was born on Jan.7, 1872, and was christened in Saltersland Presbyterian Church on Jun.16, 1872. She married Dr. Turney (died 1915) and lived in London. She died about 1954. They had four children:
    1. Jean Turney
    2. Dermot Turney
    3. Ulick Turney
    4. Moira Turney

    Thomas Wilson Badger and his wife Margaret. Margaret (Mayrs) Badger in Winnipeg.
    (courtesy of Charles and Mary Mayrs)
    (courtesy of Jennifer Corbett)

  3. Thomas Wilson Badger was born on Aug.19, 1873, in Magherafelt and was christened in Saltersland Presbyterian Church on Dec.14, 1873. Family history remembers that Tom specialized in the breeding of fast horses, much in demand before the advent of the motor car. In the 1901 Census he is listed as a 25-year-old unmarried farmer's son living with his parents, James and Maria Badger, in Druminard. In the 1911 Census Tom Wilson Badger, a 37-year-old unmarried Presbyterian farmer from Co.Derry is listed among the visitors at the home of Anne Black at 4 Main Street, Portstewart, County Derry. Next to him is listed Margaret Letitia Mayrs, 24-years-old, unmarried and a Presbyterian, the daughter of John, a farmer, and Margaret Mayrs, formerly Black, who lived in Culdrum, Co Derry. Evidently Tom and Margaret met when Tom was vacationing in Portstewart; Margaret had two aunts that lived there. Thomas Wilson Badger married Margaret L. Mayrs in Crossgar Presbyterian Church, Macosquin (near Coleraine), on Jun.7, 1911. [Anne Hobbs writes: "The officiating minister was Rev James Mairs, who was Margaret's uncle. Thomas inherited the farm at Druminard after his parents died in 1907. Both Tom W. Badger and Margaret L. Badger of Druminard signed the Ulster Covenant in 1912. About 1914 he sold up and he and Margaret and the children emigrated to Winnipeg, Canada, where they joined two of Margaret's brothers. It is possible that they sailed from Glasgow on the Grampian arriving in Quebec on Aug.4, 1914. Tom had long been distressed by the conflict between Roman Catholic and Protestant factions over British rule in Ireland. On one occasion while he was serving on the County Council he was warned by some Catholic friends at the close of an election meeting in Cookstown to go home by a different route because it was rumoured that the Sinn Fein were planning to ambush and kill him. His decision to leave Ireland was also influenced by the positive reports on the economic opportunities in Western Canada from two of Margaret's brothers, William Black Mayrs (Bill) and David Kennedy Mayrs, in Winnipeg. Bill had emigrated to Canada in 1910 at the age of 21 and her brother David emigrated the following year aged 18. They operated a grocery and meat store in north Winnipeg. Margaret's brother Joseph Charles Mayrs emigrated to Canada in 1913 and also lived in Winnipeg where he was a bank manager. All three brothers saw active service in WW1 and David Kennedy Mayrs was killed in France in 1918. Margaret's brother John Black Mayrs had emigrated to the USA in 1912 where he lived in New York and worked as a pharmaceutical chemist. He was granted US Naturalization in 1924. Her brother James and sister Anna Matilda remained in Ireland. James and his wife visited the family in Canada in 1934. When Tom and Margaret first arrived in Winnipeg they purchased a home in the northern part of the city at 606 Atlantic Avenue. Tom found work with the Federal Government in supervising the disposition of seed grain to farmers in Saskatchewan. When Bill and David Mayrs enlisted in the armed forces late in 1915 Tom agreed to buy their business and became a retail butcher and grocer with a store at Burrows and Main Streets in Winnipeg. In 1919 Tom moved his store several miles north to Seven Oaks and Main Street in the growing suburb of West Kildonan. They attended Kildonan United Church where Tom was an elder. In 1920 Margaret's brother Joseph Charles Mayrs (Jo) returned to Liverpool on the Canadian Pacific Line ship "Metagama" and came back to Quebec two months later on the same ship with his widowed mother Margaret. She planned to live with her family and gave the address of Mrs T. W. Badger in Seven Oaks, Winnipeg, as her destination. Most of the Mayrs family eventually moved to the Vancouver area. Jo Mayrs was transferred to there in the twenties by the Canadian Bank of Commerce. Tom and Margaret were considering retiring to Vancouver and sold their business in 1942. Aileen went back to Winnipeg to help with the packing. She was with her parents on the train to Vancouver when Tom suffered a fatal heart attack at Revelstoke, British Columbia, on Nov.9, 1942, at the age of 69. Margaret then bought a house on West 8th Avenue for herself and her mother, who lived until 1945. Margaret's brother Bill sold his grocery and meat business in Winnipeg and his whole family moved to Vancouver in 1947 where he purchased a butcher shop. Margaret Badger died in Penticton, British Columbia, on Dec.27, 1965, at the age of 78"]. Tom and Margaret's three children:
    1. Thomas Mayrs Badger was born at 606 Atlantic Avenue, Winnipeg, on Apr.10, 1916, and attended school in West Kildonan and then college at the University of Manitoba where he studied to become a Christian minister. Tom was married to Margaret Sanders on Nov.29, 1940, in the home of John Gordon on Wolsley Avenue in Winnipeg and they took up residence in the prairie village of Waskada where Tom was the minister in the combined Presbyterian and Methodist churches. Tom and Margaret moved to Rainy River, Ontario, in 1942 and then back to Winnipeg in 1945. They moved to Shaughnessy, Vancouver, in 1956 and back east to Calgary in 1970. [Anne Hobbs writes: "Tom Mayrs Badger retired in 1980 at the age of 64 and moved to the Vancouver area in 1982. He died in 2001 in Vancouver Island at the age of 85]. The four children of Tom and Margaret Badger:
      1. Janet Margo Badger was born on Dec.2, 1942, in Rainy River, Ontario. Janet died in childbirth at the age of 23 in 1965; she had a son, Matthew.
      2. Colleen Badger was born on Dec.2, 1945, in Norwood, Winnipeg, and married Paul Cote. They had three children, Christy, Elise and Paul and moved to San Diego, California.
      3. Paul Badger was born about 1950, married and had a daughter Johannah. He was divorced but later married Anne Gierman.
      4. Kathryn Margaret Badger was born in April 1959 and married Dean Schneider.
    2. Margaret Marie Badger was born in Winnipeg in 1918. [Anne Hobbs writes: "She moved to Vancouver before WW2. There she married Gordon Palmer in 1940. They had five children, three sons and two daughters. Margaret died in Nartamata, British Columbia, in 1995.]
    3. Aileen Isabel Badger was born in Winnipeg in 1920. [Anne Hobbs writes: "She moved to Vancouver about 1940. She married a man named Alke and had three children, one son and two daughters. She died in British Columbia in 1995].
    Thomas Mayrs BadgerMargaret Marie BadgerAileen Isabel Badger
    (courtesy of Charles and Mary Mayrs)

  4. Maria Badger was born on Apr.10, 1875, and was christened in Saltersland Presbyterian Church on Sep.19, 1875. She died of burns at home.

    Samuel S. Badger and his wife Nan in 1933

  5. Samuel Storey Badger was born on Apr.13, 1877, in Druminard, County Derry, presumably on his father's farm and was christened in Saltersland Presbyterian Church on Sep.9, 1877. He went to school at Cookstown Academy and then served an apprenticeship as a chemist with S.McKinney in Cookstown before going to Dublin to complete his training as a pharmacist. In the 1901 Census Samuel Story Badger is listed as a 23-year-old chemist's assistant (a Presbyterian born in Co.Derry) boarding at 15 Goldsmith Street, Inns Quay, Dublin. The owners of the house are Alexander and Annie Smith (both 32 years old) and Alexander is listed as an "engineer model maker"; they have a 6-year-old son, Robert William, and another boarder, 30-year-old Margaret McGrath, a drapery assistant. Upon returning north Samuel set up business in the Market Square in Magherafelt. In 1904 he married Annie Marion Harris, known as Nan, who was born about 1879 in County Longford. We note that Nan had a sister Maysie A. Fryar who was married and lived in Banbridge. Maysie was buried in the Badger family grave at the First Presbyterian Church, Magherafelt (see below). The 1911 Census records Samuel Story Badger, a 33-year-old pharmaceutical chemist and member of the Presbyterian church living at 4 Market Street, Magherafelt, with his 32-year-old wife Annie Marion Badger and children, Sheila Arabella Badger aged 5 (born in County Fermanagh) and Geo Dermot Story Badger aged 3 (born in County Londonderry). Also living in the house is the 16-year-old Roman Catholic servant, Teresa O'Donnell. Samuel signed the Ulster Covenant on Sep.28, 1912, in the Town Hall, Magherafelt. He became a highly respected member of the Magherafelt community. He was a member of the Derry County Council, the Magherafelt Board of Guardians and a member and chairman of the Magherafelt Rural District Council. He was also a Justice of the Peace and a Governor of the Rainey Endowed School and the Magherafelt Technical School. Samuel died on Mar.18, 1939, and Nan on Dec.7, 1945. They are buried in the family plot in the graveyard of the First Presbyterian Church in Magherafelt where their gravestone reads: BADGER. Samuel Storey Badger died Mar.18, 1939, and his wife Nan died Dec.7, 1945. Also her sister Maysie A. Fryar died Feb.10, 1960. Dermot Storey Badger died May 19, 1978, and his wife Frances Jean died Dec.25, 1997. The children of Samuel and Nan Badger are described in a later chapter.

Last updated 10/20/09.


Christopher E. Brennen